Located in Wester Butler County along state Highway 54/400, the city of Augusta is home to nearly 9,300 residents and a range of retail, manufacturing, and service businesses. A traditional all-American town, Augusta values its rich historical heritage while keeping its eye on the future. In 1868, C.N. James settled in the area and built a log home to serve as a general store and trading post. He named the new settlement after his wife, Augusta. The first train rolled into Augusta in 1881, to support the growth of livestock production and increased agriculture throughout the area. Shortly after the turn of the century, two railroad companies served the town, the Santa Fe and the Fisco. The discovery of oil and natural gas in Butler County led to further growth and became a major source of employment.