Solomon is a city in Dickinson and Saline counties in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 1,095. It is located approximately 6 miles west of Abilene. The first post office at Solomon was established in October, 1860. Solomon was founded in 1866. It was named from its position near the mouth of the Solomon River. Solomon was incorporated as a city in 1871.